NAS Netgear ReadyNAS introuvable sur le réseau


Un ami n’a pas pu trouver son NAS sur le réseau et nous voulions sauvegarder ses données. Le serveur DHCP de son routeur Internet ne fournissait aucune adresse IP à cet appareil.

Le NAS est un Netgear ReadyNAS 102 (RN10200) avec deux disques en RAID 1.

J’ai pris un ordinateur portable avec le système Silverblue.

Câble croisé vers un Netgear ReadyNAS 102
Câble croisé vers un Netgear ReadyNAS 102
[[email protected] ~]$ cat /etc/redhat-release 
Fedora release 33 (Thirty Three)

[[email protected] ~]$ cat /etc/os-release 
NAME=Fedora
VERSION="33.20201029.0 (Silverblue)"
ID=fedora
VERSION_ID=33
VERSION_CODENAME=""
PLATFORM_ID="platform:f33"
PRETTY_NAME="Fedora 33.20201029.0 (Silverblue)"
ANSI_COLOR="0;38;2;60;110;180"
LOGO=fedora-logo-icon
CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:fedoraproject:fedora:33"
HOME_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/"
DOCUMENTATION_URL="https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/fedora-silverblue/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Communicating_and_getting_help"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/"
REDHAT_BUGZILLA_PRODUCT="Fedora"
REDHAT_BUGZILLA_PRODUCT_VERSION=33
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="Fedora"
REDHAT_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION=33
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Legal:PrivacyPolicy"
VARIANT="Silverblue"
VARIANT_ID=silverblue
OSTREE_VERSION='33.20201029.0'

Installez d’abord Wireshark :

[[email protected] ~]$ sudo rpm-ostree install wireshark
Checking out tree fc28eee... done
Enabled rpm-md repositories: fedora-cisco-openh264 updates fedora
rpm-md repo 'fedora-cisco-openh264' (cached); generated: 2020-08-25T19:10:34Z
rpm-md repo 'updates' (cached); generated: 2020-11-27T00:49:07Z
rpm-md repo 'fedora' (cached); generated: 2020-10-19T23:27:19Z
Importing rpm-md... done
Resolving dependencies... done
Will download: 6 packages (28.4 MB)
Downloading from 'updates'... done
Downloading from 'fedora'... done
Importing packages... done
Checking out packages... done
Running pre scripts... done
Running post scripts... done
Running posttrans scripts... done
Writing rpmdb... done
Writing OSTree commit... done
Staging deployment... done
Freed: 121.1 MB (pkgcache branches: 0)
Added:
  compat-lua-libs-5.1.5-17.fc33.x86_64
  libsmi-0.4.8-27.fc33.x86_64
  openal-soft-1.19.1-9.fc33.x86_64
  qt5-qtmultimedia-5.15.1-1.fc33.x86_64
  wireshark-1:3.2.7-2.fc33.x86_64
  wireshark-cli-1:3.2.7-2.fc33.x86_64
Run "systemctl reboot" to start a reboot

Oui, vous devez redémarrer si vous installez une application, mais j’adore ce système d’exploitation immutable.

[[email protected] ~]$ systemctl reboot

Je branche un adaptateur USB-C Gigabit Ethernet de Belkin (F2CU040) :

[[email protected] ~]$ lsusb | grep RTL8153
Bus 004 Device 003: ID 0bda:8153 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. RTL8153 Gigabit Ethernet Adapter

Je branche un câble croisé entre le NAS et l’ordinateur portable.

Câble croisé vers un Netgear ReadyNAS 102
Câble croisé vers un Netgear ReadyNAS 102
Mon adapatateur Belkin a comme interface enp0s20f0u1:

[[email protected] ~]$ sudo tshark -D
Running as user "root" and group "root". This could be dangerous.
1. wlp1s0
2. enp0s20f0u1
3. lo (Loopback)
4. any
5. bluetooth-monitor
6. nflog
7. nfqueue
8. bluetooth0
9. usbmon0
10. usbmon1
11. usbmon2
12. ciscodump (Cisco remote capture)
13. dpauxmon (DisplayPort AUX channel monitor capture)
14. sdjournal (systemd Journal Export)
15. sshdump (SSH remote capture)
16. udpdump (UDP Listener remote capture)

Je peux capturer le trafic sur cette interface.

Je peux voir que le NAS diffuse des requêtes DHCP :

[[email protected] ~]$ sudo tshark -i enp0s20f0u1
Running as user "root" and group "root". This could be dangerous.
Capturing on 'enp0s20f0u1'
    1 0.000000000      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x6c32c41b
    2 0.001525476           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 110 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
=    3 0.388667945           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 110 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
    4 0.580790405           :: → ff02::1:ff9c:80c ICMPv6 86 Neighbor Solicitation for fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
    5 1.604954588 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 110 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
    6 1.607582965 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 90 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
    7 1.612597951 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
    8 1.789270586 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::2      ICMPv6 62 Router Solicitation
    9 1.862055773 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 199 Standard query response 0x0000 PTR, cache flush linux.local AAAA, cache flush fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
   10 2.013546740 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   11 2.293376678      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0xb285d8d6
   12 2.564781831 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   13 3.101893204 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
   14 3.916972211 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 199 Standard query response 0x0000 PTR, cache flush linux.local AAAA, cache flush fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
   15 5.793472408 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::2      ICMPv6 62 Router Solicitation
   16 6.399686362      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x5a2e5158
   17 7.104263727 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
   18 11.142591783 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   19 11.177752875 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   20 11.847460923           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 90 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   21 11.897532683           :: → ff02::1:ff36:7e1b ICMPv6 78 Neighbor Solicitation for fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b
   22 12.502623353      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 342 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x58f33835
   23 12.737582654           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 90 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   24 12.897587086 fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b → ff02::16     ICMPv6 90 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   25 12.897587710 fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b → ff02::2      ICMPv6 70 Router Solicitation from 28:c6:8e:36:7e:1b
   26 13.227424165 fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b → ff02::16     ICMPv6 90 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   27 15.038989038      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0xa9e58e89
   28 15.039896808      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 342 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x58f33835
   29 15.106419781 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
   30 16.907786720 fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b → ff02::2      ICMPv6 70 Router Solicitation from 28:c6:8e:36:7e:1b
   31 18.047990392      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 342 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x58f33835
   32 20.917952987 fe80::2ac6:8eff:fe36:7e1b → ff02::2      ICMPv6 70 Router Solicitation from 28:c6:8e:36:7e:1b
   33 21.058065926      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 342 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x58f33835
   34 24.068291447      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 342 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x58f33835
   35 31.108123326 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
   36 31.534979065      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x3c42ec21
   37 44.814538784           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 150 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   38 44.848264081      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0xbc480a2a
   39 44.849532371           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 150 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   40 44.932592220           :: → ff02::1:ff9c:80c ICMPv6 86 Neighbor Solicitation for fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
   41 45.316746536           :: → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   42 45.956970398 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 110 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   43 45.961579551 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   44 45.961840438 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::2      ICMPv6 62 Router Solicitation
   45 46.380738998 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   46 46.452644882 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::16     ICMPv6 130 Multicast Listener Report Message v2
   47 46.624130105 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 199 Standard query response 0x0000 PTR, cache flush linux.local AAAA, cache flush fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
   48 46.892115821      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0xfc5ef73f
   49 47.950825409 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
   50 48.636798669 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 199 Standard query response 0x0000 PTR, cache flush linux.local AAAA, cache flush fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c
   51 49.792737860 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::2      ICMPv6 62 Router Solicitation
   52 51.218093763      0.0.0.0 → 255.255.255.255 DHCP 318 DHCP Discover - Transaction ID 0x8223d441
   53 51.952862765 fe80::e9aa:e30a:299c:80c → ff02::fb     MDNS 180 Standard query 0x0000 PTR _nfs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _ftp._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdav._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _webdavs._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _sftp-ssh._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _smb._tcp.local, "QM" question PTR _afpovertcp._tcp.local, "QM" question
^C53 packets captured

Le NAS n’a donc pas eu de problème et je peux essayer d’utiliser cet appareil sur mon réseau.

Le NAS peut obtenir une adresse IP de mon serveur DHCP local.

Je peux me connecter à l’interface utilisateur du NAS.

Interface Web d'administration du Netgear ReadyNAS 102
Interface Web d'administration du Netgear ReadyNAS 102

Je force une IP avant de rendre cet appareil à mon ami.

Configuration réseau du  Netgear ReadyNAS 102
Configuration réseau du Netgear ReadyNAS 102

Wireshark est un couteau suisse qui peut aider à faire de l’analyse réseau fine.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

EN | FR | ES

Recherche